What Does Synthetic Mean In Jewelry?
|Tairus Synthetic Emerald|
Are There Synthetic Diamonds?"Created to exacting standards, using state-of-the-art gem-lab technology and minute attention to detail, this lab-created emerald has a chemical make-up identical to the finest Colombian emeralds. Its color is a more intense green than the natural stones can offer, and it performs at the bench just as a natural stone does."
Yes! There are genuine Diamonds that are created in a lab, and possess the same physical, chemical and optical properties as natural Diamonds. These are called "created diamonds" or "synthetic diamonds" and are ACTUAL diamonds, only lab-created rather than mined. I like to compare synthetic gemstones to ice that you make in your freezer, versus natural ice that forms in a glacier: they're both frozen water!
Synthetic Diamonds are made of pure Carbon and have a Mohs hardness of 10---the hardest mineral on Earth.
These synthetic Diamonds are less expensive than natural diamonds, but are still very expensive--almost the price of a natural diamond of that size.
Some terrible sellers on Etsy and Ebay (and elsewhere) sell Cubic Zirconia jewelry as "synthetic diamond" jewelry. They are NOT!! A CZ is not a synthetic diamond! It's a simulated diamond.
Synthetic Diamonds have been manufactured in labs since the mid-1980s under such brand names as Gemesis. The GIA (Gemological Institute of America) grades these synthetics (issuing an Identification Report) so there is no confusion in the marketplace between synthetics and natural Diamonds.
If you are buying a Synthetic Diamond, be SURE to get the GIA's Identification Report. If the seller can't offer one, run away!!
What Are Gemstone and Diamond "Simulants"?
|Dyed Sillimanite--NOT Gemstones|
|CZ Simulated Diamond|
Moissanite (Silicon Carbide) is also a man-made stone and is a good diamond simulant. Unlike a natural diamond which has a slightly yellowish color, Moissanite has a slightly green to greyish color. It has a "double refraction" unlike Diamonds, making the stone much more fiery than a Diamond.
What Are Diamond Hybrids?
This is a term used by some manufacturers who coat a gemstone or simulant with a layer of synthetic diamond or diamond-like carbon (DLC). These coatings are durable but are not permanent, and can be scratched off or removed.
How Can I Be Sure Of What I'm Buying?
The FTC issues "Guides For The Jewelry Industry" and jewelers are required to disclose any treatments and synthetics.